The Radical: 阝


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Meaning
hill    阝

Explanation The radical kozato shows a hill. and is always on the left side of a kanji. (Please note that rather similar radical oozato is always on the right sight of the kanji and means village.)

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 4Joyo 3
institute
IN
Left: hill , right: perfect (The roof as the origin [of the house] should be perfect [against rain?])
This hill is perfect for: an institute.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
floor, story/storey, grade
KAI
Left: a hill , right: every (I compare [= two sitting persons ], but the rays of the sun make it white : all & everything!)
(If buildings are built on a steep slope, they have e.g. 1 floor on the hillside and 2 floors on the downhill side) At a hill they all have floors.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
sunlight, positive, male = yang
hi,
Left: hill , right: sunrise / (sun over horizon ), rays
At the hill the rising sun shows its rays: Sunlight is positive.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
troop, unit, corps, group
TAI
Left: hill , right: out of , pig
Out of the hills like pigs rushes the troops.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
land, shore, continent
RIKU
Left: hill , right: 坴 (twice earth/land and legs )
A "hill" where you go from land to land is a continent.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
steep, precipitous, severe, steeply sloping
kewashii, KEN
Left: hill , right: examine carefully (originally two people discussing under a roof. Better in respect to 'examine' : a person examining the horse's mouth . [ are the mane and eyes ])
(To avoid rockfalls:) The hill has to be examined carefully because it is steep and precipitous.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
limit, bound, restrict
kagiru, GEN
Left: hill , right: not good ('good' would be , but here the accent is missing, thus 'not good')
A hill is not good, because it is limiting.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
edge, brink, occasion, verge
kiwa, SAI
Left: hill , right: festival (Meat / is put by hand on the altar for the feastival of sacrifice.)
(The party is too loud, so you don't do it in the center?) The hill for the party gives us the opportunity at the edge.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
exclude, remove, cancel
nozoku, JO, JI
Left: hill , right: excess, remain (A heap is still (on a variant) of altar [= to show], thus there in excess.)
A hill is in excess: let's remove it.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
protect, prevent, guard against, mole, dike
fusegu,
Left: hill , right: side, direction
A hill along a direction is: a dam (dike), that protects you.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
fall (rain), descend
oriru/rosu, furu,
Left: hill , right: upturned foot, sitting cross-legged (But here perhaps: image of dripping rain?), variant of stop
From the hill comes the falling rain and will stop at the bottom because it has fallen down.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
hinder, hurt, block
sawaru, SHŌ
Left: hill , right: medal, chapter (Stand up early and you'll get a medal.) [early = When the rising sun is at the marked spot at the horizon it is still early]
On the hill you will get a medal for your hindrance.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
highness, majesty, throne
HEI
Left: hill , right: compare (Two sitting persons , who are compared) and: earth
Like a hill compared to the earth is his highness on the throne.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
shadow, negative = Yin(female)
kage, IN
Left: hill , right: now (lid and corner フ) and: fog/mist (cf. cloud )
The hill is now in the fog, thus in the shadow.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
hide, conceal, suppress
kakureru, IN
Left: hill , right: a hand reaches down , hand ナ/ヨ, heart
Behind a hill or two hands, the heart can hide.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
separate, isolate, part, distance
hedataru/teru, KAKU
Left: hill (here: wall), right: pictograph of a cooking pot 鬲 on a frame with support
The wall and the pot on the stove should be separated by a distance.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
fall into, entrap, pitfall, subsidence
ochiiru, KAN
Left: hill , right: crooked person, past times (One day has passed) - developped from 陷, which comprises a pitfall
By the hill is a tumbling person falling into the mortar--like pitfall.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
corner, nook
sumi,
Left: hill , right: scorpion (pictograph of a scorpion: combination of for carapace, insect , long legs )
On the hill, there are scorpions in every corner.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
(military) position, camp
JIN
Left: hill , right: vehicle (A hand-cart seen from above with axle , loading area and two wheels )
(Protected by) a hill the vehicles are in: a military camp.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
follow, comply, notwithstanding
ZUI
From left: hill , movement , have, exist (I have a hand and a body , thus: I'm existing!)
(It is the gravity:) At the hill exists a (downward) movement, which (everything) follows.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
degenerate, deteriorate, descend to
DA
Left: hill , right: be/have/exist (I have a hand and a body , thus: I'm existing!), below: earth
A hill that exists but turns into (flat) earth/ground, is: degenerating.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
exhibition, state, to express, show, old, remarkable
CHIN
Left: hill , right: east (...where the sun rises behind a tree )
"The Hills in the East" is an exhibition, that it remarkable.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
crash, fall, crumble
TSUI
Top: unit/party/corps (Out of the hills like pigs rushes the troops.), below: earth
The unit/corps is on the ground: It has fallen / crashed.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
pottery, porcelain, ceramic

Left: hill , right: wrapping a can (lid and can opener of that can )
Take it from the hill (as clay), and make a "wrapping" such as a can: It is pottery.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
obeisance, attend, accompany, follow
BAI
Left: hill , right: to spit (stand with open mouth and spit)
At the hill, he stood with open mouth: in obeisance.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
attached, be affixed, stick
FU
Left: hill , right: attach (Person with skillful hand attaches sth.)
At the hill, sth. is attached.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
obstruct, thwart, block, retard
habamu, SO
Left: hill , right: besides/moreover (a pile of stones with more stones added)
A hill and a pile of stones can (each) be an obstacle.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
prosper, high, peak
RYŪ
Left: hill , right: upturned foot , life (The twig at the growing plant stands for life.)
Sitting on a hill with cross-legged feet and life looks: prosperous.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
imperial tomb, mausoleum, mound
misasagi, RYŌ
Left: hill , right: 夌 (earth , two legs , upturned foot )
The hill where under the earth (at least) two legs and a upturned foot are, is an imperial tomb.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
neighbor, the next door
tonari, RIN
Left: hill , right: rice , (two var. of foot /, as used at: to dance )
At the hill they have their rice but different feet: The neighbors.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
fissure, gap, free space, free time
suki, GEKI
Left: hill , right: vari. of sunset (small , day/sun , small [= the sun becomes smaller and smaller = sunset]
Let's go to the hill at sunset, we have space and time.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
hill, heights, slope, incline
HAN
Left: hill , right: opposition (Climbing the cliff by hand ? I am opposing!) (cf. )
The hill has opposition, because it is a hill.

Vocabulary

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