The Radical: 爫

grap downwards    爫

Explanation The radical notsu shows a hand which is reaching downwards.

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 3Joyo 3
receive, get
ukeru, JU
From top: hand reaching down , cover , hand
A hand from above holds a cover, another hand receives it.

JLPT 3Joyo 4
From top: hand reaching down , cover , heart , sitting cross-legged (or upturned foot)
A hand reaching down to cover the heart of the person sitting cross-legged: That is love.

JLPT 4Joyo 4
vegetable, greens
na, SAI
Top: plant , below: to pluck/harvest (A hand reaches down into a tree )
Plants that are plucked are vegetables.

JLPT 2Joyo 5
to pick sth., to pluck, take on, gather
toru, SAI
Left: hand , right: to take, pluck (a hand reaches down into a tree [cf. vegetable ])
A hand reaches downwards into a tree for plucking sth.

JLPT 2Joyo 5
pass on, transfer, confer, teach, award, grant
sazukeru, JU
Left: hand , right: receive (A hand reaching down holds a cover , another hand receives it.)
A hand that has received will also pass on. (Or: Three hands reach out for the blanket to pass it on.)

JLPT 2Joyo 6
commander, leader
masa, SHŌ
Left: bed (cf. 爿 developed from the image of a halved tree), right: a hand reaches down , skillful hand
A simple bed, a hand reaching down and a skillful hand defines (the skills of) a commander.

JLPT 2Joyo 6
atatakai/maru/meru, DAN
Left: sun , right: (Chinese only) to help (a hand reaches down to give a rope [with two knots] and another hand takes this help.)
The sun helps to warm up.

JLPT 2Joyo 6
breast, milk
chichi, chi, NYŪ
Left: nourish 孚 (a hand reaches down to a child ), right: kneeling person
To reach down to the child, when you are kneeling: You give breast and milk.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
hide, conceal, suppress
kakureru, IN
Left: hill , right: a hand reaches down , hand ナ/ヨ, heart
Behind a hill or two hands, the heart can hide.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
help, aid, support
Left hand , right: (Chinese only) to help (a hand reaches down to give a rope [with two knots] and another hand takes this help.)
The hand helps with support.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
peaceful, calm, quiet, mild
odayaka, ON
Left: rice plant , right: hand reaching down , hand ナ/ヨ, heart
A rice plant and two hands covering the heart symbolize peaceful calmness.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
loosen, slacken, lessen, ease
yurui/mu/meru/yaka, KAN
Left: thread , right: (Chinese only) to help (a hand reaches down to give a rope [with two knots] and another hand takes this help.)
(On the loom, the tension should not be too high:) The thread is helpful if it is loose.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
mountain stream, gorge, ravine
Left: water , right top: hand reaching down , below: husband (= big person with extra-caring arms )
Into the raging water, a hand grabs the husband and saves him out of the mountain stream at the gorge.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
chicken (domesticated)
niwatori, KEI
Left: hand reaching down , husband , right: bird . ('niwa' means garden, thus "niwatori" is: "gardenbird")
(The chicken is domesticated but other birds would fly away when touched) The protecting hand of the husband is with the 'gardenbird': The chicken.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
coloring, makeup, painting
irodoru, SAI
Left: to pluck (.. a hand reaches down into a tree ), right: hair
I pluck something (like the staining plant 'henna') for my hair to be colored.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
baron/marquis, peerage(=nobleness), peers
From top: hand reaching down , plate /, var of food and skillful hand
A hand hands over the plates to serve food skillfully to the baron.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
twinkle of eyes, blink of stars, flash
matataku, SHUN
Left: eye , right: hand reaching down , cover , two var. of foot / (opposing feet) as at: to dance
The eye sees a hand covering two unequal feet and twinkles.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
encourage, praise, exhort, promote
Top: commander (A simple bed , a hand caring hand [=reaching down] and a skillful hand needs the commander), bottom: big
A commander with grandeur encourages.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
gentle, compromise, peace, settle
Top: hand reaching down (here in the sense of: 'to care for sb', like at milk or brest feeding ), below: woman
The (caring) hand of a woman symbolizes a gentle compromise.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
rice plant
ine, ina,
Left: rice plant , right: hand reaching down/harvesting , past, old times (one day has passed.)
Rice plants plucked by hand, these were in old days: the rice plants!

JLPT 2Joyo 7
float, fleet, surface
uku/kabu/kaberu/kareru, FU
Left: water , right: nourish 孚 (hand reaching down to a child )
Into the water a hand is reaching down for a child that is floating.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
shake, swing, rock, pitch, flicker
Left: hand , right: hand reaching down , var. of can (lid and can opener of that can )
(Due to an earthquake?) Use your hand to reach downwards to the can [without half of the lid ] because it is: shaking/swinging.

JLPT 1Joyo 7
noh-chant, recitation
utai, utau,
Left: word , right: var. of shake/swing/rock (Two hand , reach out for a swinging/shaking can .)
Words are swinging in Noh chant.

JLPT -Joyo 7
licentiousness, lewdness, dirty
midara, IN
Left: water , right: hand reaching down ; (Samurai with hat)
To (splash) water and grab the samurai's hat from above is licentiousness.

JLPT -Joyo 7
princess, a noble lady
Left: woman , right: (Chinese only) to help (A hand reaches down to give a rope [with two knots] and another hand takes this help.)
The woman who is that helpful is my 'princess'.

JLPT -Joyo 7
pluck, get, take
Top: hand reaching down , bottom: tree
Pictograph of a hand reaching down into a tree to pluck (or get) sth.


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