The Radical: 扌


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Meaning
hand    扌

Explanation Several characters are used for hand: ナ, , , ヨ

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 5Joyo 1
hand, means
te, SHU

Image of a hand's palm with fingers spread and a wrinkle in the palm (There are various radicals for hand: , ,, ,ナ or )

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 2
talent, ability, years of age
SAI
Ten , and a divisional stroke , which looks like a shifted big person.
If the big person balances on one foot , he is talented.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
finger, point at, indicate
yubi, sasu, SHI
Left: hand , right: order, delicious (He is sitting in the sun and enjoys the tasty)
The hand of the sitting person points at the sun: with his finger.

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 3
to have, hold, own
motsu, JI
Left: Hand , right: temple (... from earth and built with skillful hands )
With a (guiding) hand, the temple gives you a hold.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
to pick up, gather, '10' in legal documents
hirou, SHŪ, JŪ
Left: hand , right: fit (The lid fits on the container ) [The numbers: 1,2,3,10 are: , , , ]
A hand reaches the lid of the pot and picks it up.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
strike, hit, beat
utsu, DA
Left: hand , right: block of houses (here: a nail )
By hand you drive the nail with strikes.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
throw, pitch
nageru,
Left: hand , right: (battle axe 几 in a hand )
One hand holds the weapon, the other hand throws it.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
raise, behavior, offer, put up
ageru, kozotte, KYO
From top: rays of light , table , hand
(The trick of a magician:) Light shines on the table, with a hand below, to raise it.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
break, fracture, opportunity, (to bend)
ori, oru, SETSU
Left: hand , right: axe
A hand with an axe has the opportunity to break or fracture.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
skill, technique, craft
waza, GI
Left: hand , right: twig/branch (= branch and hand )
A hand that balances a twig on the hand is skilled.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
to pick sth., to pluck, take on, gather
toru, SAI
Left: hand , right: to take, pluck (a hand reaches down into a tree [cf. vegetable ])
A hand reaches downwards into a tree for plucking sth.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
pass on, transfer, confer, teach, award, grant
sazukeru, JU
Left: hand , right: receive (A hand reaching down holds a cover , another hand receives it.)
A hand that has received will also pass on. (Or: Three hands reach out for the blanket to pass it on.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
invite, call in, summon, beckon
maneku, SHŌ
Left: hand , right: call/summon (with sword and mouth )
The hand calls sb. to invite him.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
be informed, receive, listen to, acquiesce
uketamawaru, SHŌ
Outside: water , inside: child , two
In the water there are two children as we were informed.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
to touch, contact, connected, join
tsugu, SETSU
Left: hand , right: to stand , woman
(Shake) hands and stand up for the woman you want to touch.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
be damaged, loss, spoil, miss
sokonau, SON
Left: hand , right: member (Who has a mouth and money can become a member.) [cf. profit ]
The hand of that member has been damaged.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 5
present, offer, hold
sageru, TEI, CHŌ
Left: hand , right: proper/right (sun , correct )
On the hand is the proper: That's what I present.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
myself, I
ware, waga, GA
Halberd with variation of hand /
The one with the hand at the halberd, that is me - myself.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
spread, broaden, expand, widen
KAKU
Left: hand , right: wide ([As a real estate agent] I find a building 广 with my (good) nose , that is wide and spacious.)
(i.e. when dispersing seeds on a field) By hand you can widely spread.
广
Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
watch (over)
KAN
Top: hand , below: eye .
The hand shades the eye while watching over.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
swing, brandish, wield, shake, wave, wag, volatile
KI
Left: hand , right: military/troops (... with covered vehicles = camouflage)
The hands of the military are swung/brandished. [when marching]

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
call, attract, summon
yobu, KO
Left: mouth , right: 乎 (var. hand , hence 'open' hand)
A mouth and in front an open hand for better calling.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
throw away, abandon, discard
suteru, SHA
Left: hand , right: accommodation (A roof above the ground with an entrance : that's an accommodation.)
Use your hand to remove the cover and put the garbage into the can to throw it away.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
infer, guess, recommend, suppose, conjecture
osu, SUI
Left: hand , right: bird
His hand directly at the bird: What can be infered from this? [Does he want to catch it?]

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
maneuver, operate, manipulate, chastity, virginity
misao, ayatsuru,
Left: hand , right: bird's chirping (three beaks of birds in a tree )
Her hand feeds the beaks in the tree and this 'maneuver' shows chastity.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
carry, bear, shouldering
katsugu, ninau, TAN
Left: hand , right: sunrise (sun above the horizon )
The hand should already at sunrise carry the burden.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
search, look for, probe
saguru, sagasu, TAN
Left: hand , right: var. of hole , tree
The hand in the hole of the tree is searching.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
worship, pray, respectful
ogamu, HAI
Left: hand , right: plants with many leaves (i.e. palm leaf)
(at Palm Sunday:) In their hands they bring palm leaves to the worship.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
criticize
HI
Left: hand , right: to compare (Two sitting persons who are compared.)
The hand that compares, is criticizing.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
grasp, grip, hold
nigiru, AKU
Left: hand , right: building, shop (buttock seen from the side and: reach-a-target [From the sky an arrow comes to ground : falling back])
The hand is in the shop to grasp. (the goods). OR: When the hand reached the buttocks, it grasped.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
treat, handle, operate, management
atsukau, koku,
Left: hand , right: reach (Person with a hand reaching out for something )
A hand that has a stick in the hand is treating or managing sth.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
help, aid, support
EN
Left hand , right: (Chinese only) to help (a hand reaches down to give a rope [with two knots] and another hand takes this help.)
The hand helps with support.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
push, press
osu, Ō
Left: hand , right: shell/armor (pictograph of a seed with a root shoot crushing the shell)
The hand crushes the shell by pushing.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
starve, being hungry
ueru, GA
Left: food (cover on good food), right: I/myself (with my hand at the halbered : That's me!)
Food for myself, I am starving.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
kidnap, deceive, abduct
KAI
Left: hand , right: mouth , sword (cf. invite )
I feel a hand on my mouth and a sword: I am being kidnapped!

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
cost, hang, hook, be connected
kakari, kakaru/keru,
From left: hand , (2x earth ), divine (crack in a turtle shell used for divination)
A hand with an earth mound can divine where it will hang and how much it will cost.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
bind, fasten, summarize, collect
kukuru, KATSU
Left: hand , right: tongue (thousand mouths )
With your hands and tongue you can bind or summarize.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
exchange, convert
kaeru, KAN
Left: hand , right: (only as a radical) birth 奐 (from top: head of a woman , upper part of body with emphasized breasts, spread legs
A hand at the birth made that the babies were exchanged.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
imitate, mimic, model
modoki, GI
Left: hand , right: doubt (Both persons have an arrow , but if it's the correct one, they have their doubt.)
(Made) by hand and dubious: An imitation!

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
repel, refuse, resist, deny
kobamu, KYO
Left: hand , right: huge (staring eye)
The hand is huge, it can repel.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
basis, foothold, base, therefore
yoru, KYO, KO
Left: hand , right: deal with (An upturned foot on the table? (cf. /] - It has to be dealt with!)
The hand will deal with it on the basis of ...

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
insert, but between
hasamaru/mu, KYŌ
Left: hand right: squeezed in (husband , squeezed from both sides ; traditionally 挾 with two persons )
The hand will be squeezed if I insert it in there.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
dig, excavate, delve
horu, KUTSU
Left: hand , right: stoop, bow, crouch (The buttock [=butt's crack) comes out when bowing [="plumber's crack or smile"])
You use your hands and you are crouched, when: digging.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
announcement, display, hold up, bulletin, posting
kakageru, KEI
Left: hand , right: var. of easy (sun , rays , with a sitting person instead of the inner rays)
The hand points like the sunshine on a sitting person for an announcement.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
portable, carry with you (in hand), be concerned
tazusawaru/eru, KEI
Left: hand , right: bird , pregnancy belly (cf.: to be pregant: 孕む [はら-む], where a child comes out of that womb .)
The hand graps the bird around belly to carry it around. (i.e.: a smartphone = けいたい・でんわ.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
attack, strike, beat, dash
utsu, GEKI
Top: vehicle and weapon 几 in a hand , bottom: hand
In a vehicles, with a weapons in your hand and another hand: For the attack!

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
oppose, resist, confront

Left: hand , right: "sailor" (the sailor used in navigation , a big person with a broad neck)
The hand of the person with the broad neck is opposing.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
arrest, seize, catch, adhere to
kakawaru,
Left: hand , right: sentence (sth. wrapped out the mouth ), Here: a gripping ="wrapping" hand and another wrist in cross-section )
The hand "enwraps" a wrist at the arrest.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
refrain, withdraw, wait, restrain, make note
hikaeru,
Left: hand , right: sky (When a hole is built in, it opens: the sky.)
The hand that wants to build a hole (= to demolish), should be refrained and noted.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
torture

Left: hand , right: think (The old man is at the seaweed for thinking.)
The hand thinks of torture.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
squeeze, press, wring
shiboru, SAKU
Left: hand , right: hole, cave (It is covered and a narrowing path leads into the cave.), while, during (image of a saw ; cf. where a person used it to make sth.)
When a hand makes a hole with a saw, its material is 'squeezed out'.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
take (a photo), film, pluck
toru, tsumamu, SATSU
Left: hand , right: extreme (The [illumination of the] sun takes the extreme.) [take, hold = at the ear with the hand ]
You do it with the hand and the sun(shine) is hold/preserved : You take a photo.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
rub, grind, grate, scrape, scrub, chafe, scour
suru/reru, kosuru, SATSU
Left: hand , right: investigate (The house- festival is investigated [festival = Meat / is put by hand on the altar /for the festival of sacrifice.]
The hand investigates sth. by rubbing it.

Vocabulary
寿
JLPT 1Joyo 7
congratulate, long life
kotobuki, JU
Left: var. of hand , right: skillful hand
Two hands congratulate and wish a long life. (And two hands , are needed to roll sushi 寿)

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
excerpt, selection, extract, summary
SHŌ
Left: hand , right: few/little (Such a small stroke is too little.)
The hand takes only a little: an exerpt.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
administer, manipulate, palm (of hand)
tanagokoro, SHŌ
Top: furthermore, besides, esteem (A small house with window is furthermore also esteemed, HERE: as the hand's palm with three fingers), below: hand
Furthermore, with the palm of your hand you are administering.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
swing, wave, shake, wag
furi/ru/ruu, SHIN
Left: hand , right: plow (At the field corner a first line is plowed by the farmer 农 [农 = Chinese for farmer])
With only one hand at the plow, it will: swing.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
lay a foundation, set, place, fix, install, equip
sueru/waru,
Left: hand , right: reside, residence (Where your buttocks gets old , is your residence.)
My hand lays for my residence: the foundation.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
clumsy, unskilled, bungling
tsutanai, mazui, SETSU
Left: Hand , right: come/go out (Two mountains coming out one after the other)
(Country people are unskilled and awkward?) A hand from "mountains-behind-each-other" is: clumsy.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
take as proxy, vicarious, surrogate, take in (medicine)
SETSU
Left: hand , right: ear , four marks
Both hands and ears are substituted by four marks in form of a proxy.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
choose, select, elect
erabu, yoru, TAKU
Left: hand , right: measure of length (from the body one foot forward = 1 Shaku = 30.3 cm)
The hand measures and then chooses.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
measure, step, action, suspend, discontinue, dispose
SO
Left: hand , right: old days (Together in the sun thinking of old days.)
(A low level of mechanization?) By hand in the old days measures were done.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
search, look for, seek, investigation
sagasu,
Left: hand , right: say, talk (A mouth with a big "plus" + for the outgoing surplus when talking.), hand
One hand tells the other hand to search.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
insert, put into
sasu,
Left: hand , right: not etymological: vehicle with additional wheels [=heavy], however two are missing
By hand the missing double-wheel is adding to the [heavy] vehicle by: inserting it.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
sweep, brush
haku,
Left: hand , right: broom (hand ナ/ヨ, holding a broom /)
The hand with the broom is sweeping.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
clearing (of land), develop, make accessible
TAKU
Left: hand , right: stone (Below the cliff are stones )
The hand (removes) the stones when clearing the land.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
draw/pull out, extract, pluck, bring out
CHŪ
Left: hand , right: reason (The growing seedlingin the rice field has its reason.)
The hand grips the sprout in the rice field to pull it out.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
challenge, defy, contend for
idomu, CHŌ
Left: hand , right: sign/omen (Shows cracks in a turtle shell that were used in ancient China for divination.)
(Is he really strong?) His hand is the sign/omen if you should challenge him.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
resist, match, defy, oppose
TEI
Left: hand , right: floor, bottom 氐 (The family is sitting on the floor )
A hand pushing against the floor gets a resistance.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
pluck, pick, pinch, extract
tsumu, tsumamu, TEKI
Left: hand , right: old emperor (mix of emperor and old )
The hand of the old emperor is plucking sth.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
withdraw, remove, disengage
TETSU
From left: hand , raise/grow up (The new born baby [child , but upside down, because at birth with head first] has a body , that needs to be raised.), strike (hand with stick )
The hand is raised, strikes and withdraws.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
bording (air passenger), to load, get into

Left hand , right: 荅 (plant [here: handrail], fit (Here: as the image of an airplane with cockpit and corpus )
The hand at a handrail of the airplane when bording.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
take, grasp, hold, bundle
toru, -wa, HA
Left: hand , right: var. of slump down (image of a crouching person)
The hand of the crouched person grasps for a bundle. (Or at the right the image of a doorknob : The hand at the knob grasps it.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
reject, repudiate, exclude, expel, push aside
HAI
Left: hand , right: not, to negate (two wings in opposite directions)
This hand is negating: It is rejecting.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
clap, beat, handclap, applause
HAKU, HYŌ
Left: hand , right: white (The shine of the sun makes it white.)
The hand is white from clapping.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
extract, pull out (sword), pluck, select, pick out
nuku,karu,keru,kasu, BATSU
Left: hand , right: friend (= .. who are shaking hands ナ/)
The hand of my friend is pulling/selecting me out (from the many).

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
conveyor, carry, transport
HAN
Left: hand , right: general (Boats where they had a battle axe 几 at hand were generally common.)
Hands are generally needed for conveyoring.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
expose, open, disclose, announce
HI
Left: hand , right: skin (A hand with a knife peels off the skin )
The hand peels off the skin and exposes everything.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
depict, draw, sketch
egaku, BYŌ
Left: hand , right: seedling (= This plant [still as small] as grass on the field )
(A field with seedlings planted neatly in rows looks beautiful:) If the hand arranges the plants/seedling in the field (in such rows), it looks like being depicted.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
help, support, aid
FU
Left: hand , right: husband (= the big person with extra-caring arms )
The hand of the husband is helpful.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
pay, sweep, brush off
harau, FUTSU
Left: hand , right: nose
The hand at the nose is the symbol, that I want to pay.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
capture, seize, catch, grasp
toru/raeru, tsukamaru/maeru, HO
Left: hand , right: to begin (The hand takes the tool to use , when beginning sth.)
(No matter what you want to do) The hand begins with: grasping.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
embrace, hug, cuddle
daku, idaku, kakaeru,
Left: hand , right: to wrap (The wrap itself makes it to be wrapped.)
Your hands wrapped me when embracing me.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
slap, strike, beat, hit, punch
BOKU
Left: hand , right: hollow (= hollow vent of an extinct vulcano), var. of beauty
With the hands to beat for a hollow beauty with slaps and strikes. (Or: The hand of me [=ボク] is: for slapping/striking.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
rub, chafe, polish, graze, scrape, wear
suru, MA
Outside and top: hemp (Protected in the building 广 is a whole forest of hemp.), below: hand (cf. polish )
Take hemp into the hand for: rubbing or polishing.
广
Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
erase, eliminate, liquidate, rub
MATSU
Left: hand , right: end (longer top branch at a tree as its end)
The hand has an end (namely: the fingertips), which you use to: rub or erase.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
elevate, raise, hoist, uplift, praise, extol
ageru,
Left: hand , right: sunrise /(sun above horizon , rays )
The hand imitates the sunrise with its rays, when doing the upward movement of: elevating.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
shake, swing, rock, pitch, flicker
yuru/reru/suru/suburu,
Left: hand , right: hand reaching down , var. of can (lid and can opener of that can )
(Due to an earthquake?) Use your hand to reach downwards to the can [without half of the lid ] because it is: shaking/swinging.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
protect, embrace, hug

Left: hand , right: lid , connection (Use a thread to bind bird for making a connection.)
With a hand, a cover or a thread (for tying up) a bird can be protected.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
repress, restrain, press down, suppress, inhibit
osaeru, YOKU
Left: hand , right: (an odd person and deeply bowing person )
When ahand makes a slightly bowing person into a deeply bowing person, this is: repressing or restraining.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
greeting, approach, push open
AI
Left: to pay (The hand at the nose signals paying.), arrow (An arrow flies in the sky )
You still have to pay for the array, he directly said when greeting.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
fist, force
kobushi, KEN
Top: border guard (= raised hands , person , two bars ) [cf. checkpoint ], bottom: hand
The border guard has a hand, which is a fist.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
sprain [med.], bruise
ZA
Left: hand , right: 坐 var. of sitting (In the building 广 two persons use the ground for sitting.)
The hand on which he sat, is now sprained. (However: A hand on which someone stands will be crushed )

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
be imminent, approach
SATSU
Left: hand , right: var. of river , evening
(The action of) the hand, (the flow of) the river and (the arrival of) the evening: All this is imminent.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
seriousness, earnestly, gift
SHI
Top: tenacious, persistent (As happiness is round , you have to grasp it tenaciously.) [happy = Between two earths / is the happiness], bottom: hand
Happiness is round in your hands if you are serious and sincere.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
to wipe off, to rub
fuku, nuguu, SHOKU
Left: hand , right: ceremony/function (craftsman makes sabre for ceremony)
By hand for the ceremony, all is wiped clean.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
capture, seize, grasp, comprehend
toraeru, SOKU
Left: hand , right: foot (kneecap and a footprint )
You need hands and feet (= to run after) to capture sb.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
make progress, advance
hakadoru, CHOKU
Left: Hand , right: walk (.. with stopping a little )
With your hands and by walking you can make progress.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
twist, twirl
NEN
Left: Hand , right: thought (Now I have in my heart a thought.)
(If you are inattentive, you will injure yourself:) It happens to your hand when you are in thoughts: you will twist it.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
crush, squash
RA
Left: hand , right: stand
A hand on which sb. is standing gets crushed. (However: A hand on sb. is sitting , will only be sprained )

Vocabulary

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