The Radical: 土


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Meaning
earth    土

Explanation ground, soil

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 5Joyo 1
gold, metal, money
kane, kana, KIN, KON
From top: cover, lid , earth/soil , two gold nuggets
Covered in the ground is the gold.

Vocabulary
JLPT 5Joyo 1
earth, soil, ground
tsuchi, DO, TO
A cross , earth, ground
A cross stands on the ground.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 2
temple
tera, JI
Top: earth , bottom: skillful hand
Made from earth and skillful hands build a temple.

Vocabulary
JLPT 5Joyo 2
shrine, company
yashiro, SHA
Left: to show, altar / (image of an altar with sth. on that is shown.), right: earth
Show me the earth/ground, where you want to build your company or shrine.

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 2
place
ba,
Left: earth , right: sunrise / (Sun over the horizon with sun rays )
The earth at the sunrise with warming rays: This is my place.

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 2
ground, land
CHI, JI
Left: earth , right: a placeholder for a change (image of a snake that molts [=shedding the skin])
The earth in a different shape becomes ground and land.

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 3
building, shop
ya, OKU
Outside: buttocks (in side view), below: reach-a-target (From the sky an arrow comes to the ground : falling back)
His buttocks reaches the shop.

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 3
leave, go away, quit, finish
saru, KYO, KO
Top: earth , bottom: a nose (in side view)
When the nose is below the earth, it has gone away - it is finished.

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 3
easy, light, flippant
karui, KEI
Left: a vehicle (A hand-cart seen from above with axle , loading area and two wheels ), right: vertical (A hand is vertically above ground )
Pulling a vehicle by hand over the flat earth (=aligned to the vertical) is easy.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
happiness, happy, blessed
saiwai, shiawase, sachi,
From top: earth , var. of sheep . Or: Earth , two drops , mirrored earth
Between two earths is the happiness.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 3
slope, hill
saka, HAN
Left: earth , right: opposition (Climbing the cliff by hand ? I am opposing!)
The earth opposes to be a slope or hill. (It likes to distribute flatly.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
salt
shio, EN
Left: earth/soil , right: horizontal person , mouth , plate
It comes from the ground and the lying person takes it into the mouth. On the plate is: salt.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
model, form, pattern, mold, type, shape
kata, KEI
Top: punishment (who openly uses a knife is punished), below: earth
With an open knife and earth (=clay) a model is formed.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
accomplish, gain, attain, plural suffix
-tachi, TATSU
Left: movement , right: variation of luck (earth (=grazing lands ) and sheep )
For (new grazing) lands the sheep need to move, for: accomplishment. (Or: With a kind of luck and movements [=activity] you can accomplish.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 4Joyo 4
hall, temple hall, public chamber

Top: furthermore/besides/respect (A small house with window is furthermore also respected.), below: earth BETTER: A reinforced roof with additional beams because of the size of a hall on the ground
The reinforced roof for a hall on the ground: The hall!

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
heat, temperature, fever
atsui, NETSU
Top left: earth , eight , earth , right: round (sth. nine--sided needs an extra stroke to become round.), bottom: fire
Earth in eight layers around the fire: This will be a heat.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
land, shore, continent
RIKU
Left: hill , right: 坴 (twice earth/land and legs )
A "hill" where you go from land to land is a continent.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
pressure, overpressure
ATSU
Cliff and earth
A cliff with its earth causes a pressure.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
foundation, base
motozuku, KI
Top: image of a grain shovel/scoop (tool for threshing, that is used for throwing up the grain rhythmically in certain periods [thus used in period ] to separate the grain from the husk; below: earth
The grain scoop has an earthen foundation.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
border, boundary
sakai, KYŌ, KEI
Left: earth , right: to stand , sun and legs (here as: to go)
The earth remains standing, while the sun continues to go: We are at the border.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
average, level, balance
hitoshii, KIN
Left: earth , right: ladle with a bit more in it
The earth in the ladle is average.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
longitude, Sutra, pass
heru, tatsu, KEI, KYŌ
Left: thread , right: vertical (A hand is vertically above the ground )
(developed from the vertical warp threads at the loom) A thread with a vertical orientation stands for the longitude or the Sutra.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
be, exist, countryside
aru, ZAI
Outside: var. of talent (If the big man balances on one foot, he is talented.), below: earth
The best talents on earth exist in the countryside.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 5
house, accommodation, quarters
SHA
From top: roof earth/ground and entrance
A roof above the ground with an entrance: that's an accommodation.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
increase, gain, rise
masu, fueru/yasu,
Left: earth , right: formerly/before (At rain on the field as under the sun , that's how we worked formerly.)
On earth, compared to before, we have increased.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 5
grave, tomb
haka, BO
Top: sunset, disappear (The sun is setting between plants ,=), bottom: earth [Watch-out: sunrise is: or ]
Sinking among plants into the earth: into the grave.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 5
report, information, reward
mukuiru,
Left: happiness (Between two earths / is the happiness.), right: bent person , hand
About the happiness of the bent person with (only) one hand there is a report.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
region, zone, range, area
IKI
Left: earth , right: a certain 或 (halberd , outline of a field with marked border/division line )
Earth and fields were divided by halberds into regions and zones.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
district, area, road
machi, GAI, KAI
Outside: to go , center: piled soil (= 2x earth )
I am walking on elevated earth: The road in my district.

Vocabulary
JLPT 3Joyo 4
diameter
KEI
Left: to go , right: vertical (A hand is vertically above the ground .)
Go (at a wheel) with your hand from the ground vertically upwards to measure the: diameter.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
seat, sit, gather
suwaru, ZA
From top: building 广, 坐 (=2 persons , earth/ground )
In the building, two persons use the ground for sitting.
广
Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
reach (a target), result in, get to, peak, climax
itaru/ri, SHI
Top: arrow with sth. attached, below: earth
An arrow (falling back) to the ground has reached it.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 6
castle
shiro,
Left: earth/ground , right: achieve/become (In the direction of the halberds we will achieve.)
(When earth/ground is piled up to a wall:) Out of this ground we will achieve/make: a castle.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
hang down, drop, suspend, drip, to slouch
tareru/rasu, SUI

A vehicle with a loose wheel that hangs down (and almost drops off.)

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 6
highness, majesty, throne
HEI
Left: hill , right: compare (Two sitting persons , who are compared) and: earth
Like a hill compared to the earth is his highness on the throne.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
grasp, grip, hold
nigiru, AKU
Left: hand , right: building, shop (buttock seen from the side and: reach-a-target [From the sky an arrow comes to ground : falling back])
The hand is in the shop to grasp. (the goods). OR: When the hand reached the buttocks, it grasped.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
smoke
kemuri, kemui/tai, EN
Left: fire , right: west 西 (Sunset under the horizon of the sun in the west), earth
(Westerly winds are commonly frequent.) A fire from the west of the earth brings us the: smoke.
西
Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
lump, clod, mass, chunk
katamari, KAI
Left: earth , right: devil (= death mask [mark , field ] with legs and nose )
The earth is for the devil just a lump.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
demolition, break, destroy, ruin
kowareru/su, KAI
Left: earth , right: ten , eye , clothes
Earth in ten eyes and on the clothes: A lot was demolished.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
barrier, fence, hedge
kaki,
Left: earth , right: range, extent (= from sunrise [= the sun above the horizon ] to sunset [= under the horizon])
The earth is divided into ranges/extents by barriers =fences.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
endure, bear, withstand
taeru, tamaru, KAN, TAN
Left: earth , right: extreme, excessive (= sweets [= mouth with sth. in] and 'equals' [= box with two identical bales] are extraordinary.)
The earth has extreme endurance.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
firm, solid, hard
katai, KEN
Top: retainer and hand , below: earth/ground
A retainer has to work by hand in the earth, when it is firm and hard.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
mine, hole, pit

Left: earth , right: "sailor" (The sailor as used in navigation , a big person with a broad neck)
With earth works the person with a broad neck: in a mine.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
ground-breaking cultivate, open up farmland
KON
Left: var. of wild animal , right: not good ('good' would be , but here the accent is missing, thus 'not good'), earth
Wild animals with horns are not good on a ground that shall be cultivated.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
tenacious, grasp, transact, obsession, persistence
toru, SHITSU, SHŪ
Left: happiness (Between two earths / is the happiness), right: round (Sth. nine--sided needs an extra stroke to become round.)
(It slips out of our hands too easily:) As happiness is round, you have to grasp it tenaciously.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
Juku, private cram school
JUKU
Top left: receive, pleased (the tall child has received and is pleased), round (sth. nine--sided needs an extra accent to become round.), below: earth
Big children around the earth need the cram school.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
make up, cosmetics, adorn
SHŌ
Left: rice , right: [cottage] 庄 (building 广 and earth/ground )
If the rice is in the building all over the floor, it has a nice make-up.
广
Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
argillaceous/clay soil at farmland, ground

Left: earth, soil , right: (six , well , clothes )
This soil from the six wells sticks at your clothes: clay-soil.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
model, make (of clay)
SO
Top: new moon [さく] (= 1. day of lunar month) 朔 (disobedient or reverse [chinese only], var. of reverse/opposite [out to the mountain and downwards movements are reversed] & moon , bottom: earth
For forming a counterpart of the moon you can use earth/clay and modelize it

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
degenerate, deteriorate, descend to
DA
Left: hill , right: be/have/exist (I have a hand and a body , thus: I'm existing!), below: earth
A hill that exists but turns into (flat) earth/ground, is: degenerating.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
stage, podium, rostrum
DAN, TAN
Left: earth , right: var. of high (image of a watch tower) and: sunrise (sun above the horizon )
On the ground, where you rotate (= dance) under a cover and with a staircase is the stage.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
crash, fall, crumble
TSUI
Top: unit/party/corps (Out of the hills like pigs rushes the troops.), below: earth
The unit/corps is on the ground: It has fallen / crashed.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
tumulus, mound, hillock
tsuka, CHŌ
Left: earth , right: cover , pig (cf. corpse )
Earth covers the pig and forms its tumulus.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
tsubo (measure of area 3.31sqm, two mats)
tsubo, HEI
Left: earth/ground , right: flat/plain (image of a scales /balance)
The ground has to be flat to measure one Tsubo.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
dike, embankment
tsutsumi, TEI
Left: earth , right: correct (sun , vari. of correct )
Earth is the correct (material) for a dike.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
vomit, through up, spit up, disgorge, spew
haku, TO
Left: mouth , right: earth/ground
From his mouth and onto the ground he disgorged the vomit.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
painting, plaster, coat
nuru, TO
Top: 涂 (water , in excess, remain (A heap is still on an altar [= to show], thus in excess.), bottom: earth/ground
The water remains on the ground look like a painting.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
tower, monument, pagoda

Left: earth , right: plant and: to fit (lid fits on pot )
(fiber-reinforced composite FRC) Earth must be reinforced with plant fiber in a fitting way, when you build a pagoda.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
cultivate, foster, to grow sth.
tsuchikau, BAI
Left: earth , right: to spit (stand with open mouth and spit)
On the earth it was spit and then they started cultivating.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
(burial-)mound, grave, tomb
FUN
Left: earth , right: (ten , plant ), shell/money
Earth, ten plants and money are needed for: a burial mound.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
wall, fence
HEI
Left: earth , right: buttocks in side view , to unite (When coming out of a the gate (= image of a toori) of a shinto-shrine you shall be united)
Made of earth to unite the buttocks within: The wall or the fence.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
wall, barrier
kabe, HEKI
Top: anal penetration/torture (buttock from the side , anus with needle as symbol for penetration or torture), below: earth/ground
Anal penetration on the ground behind a wall.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
boy, son, buddhist priest, bonze

Left: earth , right: side, direction
(When begging:) On the earth sits at a side: a boy (or a monk).

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
ink, ink stick
sumi, BOKU
Top: black (The underside of the pot on the fire is black.), bottom: earth
Black earth is used for ink.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
moat, ditch, canal
hori, KUTSU
Left: earth , right: stoop/crouch (The buttock [= butt's crack] comes out when stooping. = "plumber's crack or smile")
It is in the ground and you need to crouch into: a moat or ditch.

Vocabulary
JLPT 2Joyo 7
bury
u[zu],maru/meru/moreru, MAI
Left: earth/ground , right: village (Both fields and earth belong to a village.)
In the ground next to the village we will be buried.

Vocabulary
JLPT 1Joyo 7
fort, baseball, base
RUI
From top: field ; four-fold; earth
The field is four-fold [= to all sides] piled up with earth and becomes: a fortification.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
destroy, break, damage, scratched
KI
Left: mortar (cf. pressing hands/press [cf: , ), earth , right: weapon 几 (battle axe) in hand .
Within a mortar made of earth or with a battle axe in your hand you can: destroy.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
be proud, pride, haughtiness

Left: person , center top: earth , below + right: release, let go (In his side he was hit to release.)
(No respect for the environment of our planet) When persons of this earth are released, they act with pride and haughtiness.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
obstruct, blockage
fusagu, fusagaru, SAI, SOKU
From top: roof , a well , var. of six , earth
Despite the roof, the well was already six-times filled with earth and thus obstructed.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
cape (geography), spit (geography), promontory
sai,
Left: earth , right: strange/unusual (There is a big possibility , but it looks strange)
(Maybe, there is a beautiful beach?) The earth has great possibilities beyond the cape (promontory).

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
piled up, stack, heap
TAI
Left: earth , right: bird
(Birds prefer elevated spots:) On this earth birds are sitting: On sth. piled up.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
fill in, to insert, be inserted
hamaru, hameru, TEN
Left: earth , right: sitting person , var. of prefecture (The eye sees in the corner ∟ (of a map) a small prefecture)
As for the earth, there is a person from the prefecture who will fill it up.

Vocabulary
JLPT -Joyo 7
harmonious, friendly, intimate
BOKU
Left: eye , right: 坴 (walking with legs from land to [= part of continent ])
The view on all that land is friendly and harmonious.

Vocabulary

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